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santiago de compostela


Santiago de Compostela este reședința comunității autonome Galicia din nord-vestul Spaniei. On the tympanums is a large frieze separated from the upper body by a strip supported by grotesque corbels; on this floor are two windows decorated with Romanesque archivolts. In the centre, the Pantocrator is shown, with the image of Christ in Majesty, displaying in his hands and feet the wounds of crucifixion.

2020 v 16:25. The top attractions to visit in Santiago de Compostela are: What are the best outdoor activities in Santiago de Compostela? The new façade was designed in Baroque style by Lucas Ferro Caaveiro and finished by Domingo Lois Monteagudo and Clemente Fernández Sarela in the neoclassical style in 1769, although it retained some traces of the baroque. [13][14], The arch of the left door depicts scenes from the Old Testament, with the righteous awaiting the arrival of the Savior. Univerzita byla založena v 15.století. [17] The square is bound by the cathedral and cloister on two sides. [28], In 1833 a clock was placed on each side of the tower by Andrés Antelo, commissioned by the Archbishop Rafael de Vélez.
On the left is Heaven with the elect, with figures of angels with children symbolizing the saved souls.
The towers housing the bells were made by José de la Peña de Toro (1614–1676) in a baroque style, and completed by Domingo de Andrade. They are called the Torre das Campás, which is situated on the side of the Epistle (right) and Torre da Carraca, to the side of the Gospel (left). In the center of the first archivolt is God the Creator who blesses the pilgrim and holds the Book of Eternal Truth; to his right are Adam (naked), Abraham (with the index raised), and Jacob. Vertically, the lower part is formed by the bases of the columns, decorated with fantastic animals, the middle portion consists of columns adorned with statues of the Apostles, and the upper part supports the base of the arches crowning the three doors. [25], The first part of the tower was built in the 12th century, but in the 15th century several modifications were made and King Louis XI of France donated in 1483 the two largest of the thirteen bells. In the archivolt of the central tympanum are seated the elders of the Apocalypse, each holding a musical instrument, as if preparing a concert in honor of God.[11]. For some historians, these figures are images of demons and symbolize the weight of glory (the portico in this case) crushing sin. hvězdné pole resp. [15], A stair allows entrance to the façade. The two have a height of between 75 and 80 metres.

It preserves its original, barrel-vaulted, cruciform, Romanesque interior. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions.

St. James appears with a scroll which contains written Misit me Dominus (the Lord sent me). The original provision of the iconographic elements was invalidated since in the 18th century numerous images were introduced recovered from the dismantled Acibecharía facade. The kings of Spain entered the cathedral through this door, hence its name, and the royal coat of arms on its lintel. Celé staré město s chrámy, kláštery a obytnými domy, postavenými v rozmezí od 12. do 19. století, je památkovou rezervací zapsanou v seznamu UNESCO. The cathedral is 97 m long and 22 m high. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. Interiéry 1.–3. To the right of these heads, Hell is represented with figures of monsters (demons) that drag and torture the souls of the damned. It is customary for the pilgrims to touch the left foot of this statue, signifying that they have reached their destination. Also in baroque style is the Acibecharía façade by Ferro Caaveiro and Fernández Sarela, later modified by Ventura Rodríguez.

The names of all the figures are on the books or scrolls held in their hands.

Archbishop of Santiago. [3][4] According to legend, this tomb was rediscovered in AD 814 by the hermit Pelagius, after he witnessed strange lights in the night sky. The Al-Andalus commander was accompanied on his raid by his vassal Christian lords, who received a share of the loot, while St James' tomb and relics were left undisturbed. Behind the portico stands the statue of Maestro Mateo, the master architect and sculptor put in charge of the cathedral building programme in the 12th century by Fernando II.

He also constructed a monumental fountain in front of the north portal in 1122.

They were rediscovered in January 1879. Between the existing plane of the façade of the Obradoiro and the old Romanesque portal (Pórtico da Gloria) there is a covered narthex. The construction of the Porta Real, baroque, was begun under the direction of José de Vega y Verdugo and by José de la Peña de Toro in 1666, and was completed by Domingo de Andrade in 1700, who built some of the columns that span two floors of windows, a balustrade with large pinnacles, and an aedicula with an equestrian statue of Saint James (now disappeared), well adorned with decorative fruit clusters and large-scale military trophies. Do jeho vestibulu a společenské místnosti v přízemí však lze bezplatně vstoupit na prohlídku archeologických nálezů nejstarší stavby z doby kolem roku 1240-1260. It was built mostly in granite. In the middle of the central body is St. James and one level below his two disciples Athanasius and Theodore, all dressed as pilgrims. In the mullion, the figure of Saint James is seated with a pilgrim's staff, as a patron of the basilica.

In the second archivolt, the top, ten small figures represent the twelve tribes of Israel. Fasády a interiér kostela přestavěny v barokním slohu; původně gotické jedno z prvních sídel univerzity. This façade has become a symbol of the cathedral and the city of Santiago de Compostela.

In between, the urn (representing the found tomb) and the star (representing the lights Hermit Pelagius saw) between angels and clouds. The Romanesque portal was built in 1122 by Bernardo, treasurer of the temple. Katedrála má tři prohlídkové okruhy: chrám a krypta s ostatky sv. The Santiago de Compostela Cathedral (Spanish and Galician: Catedral de Santiago de Compostela) is part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santiago de Compostela and is an integral component of the Santiago de Compostela World Heritage Site in Galicia, Spain.The cathedral is the reputed burial place of Saint James the Great, the apostle of Jesus Christ. Each of the façades along with their adjoining squares constitute a large urban square. The left tympanum shows scenes from the Old Testament. Because of regular Dutch and English incursions, the relics had been transferred in 1589 from their place under the main altar to a safer place. more. Jakuba jsou přístupné denně od 8 hodin ráno do 20 hodin. All are topped with its own capital which represents different animals and human heads with leaf motifs. It is said that whoever butts their head three times against the statue will be given a portion of Mateo's genius[31] and perhaps enhanced memory. A körzet - és fővárosa - igazi nevezetességre a középkorban tett szert, ekkor vált a híres katolikus zarándoklat célhelyéül. The city's Old Town, a famous pilgrimage site that symbolises the Spanish struggle, is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Je moderní čtvrť ze 20.století, obklopená parkem Parque da Ferradura, s promenádou a můstky přes tůně, s pomníkem galicijské básnířky Rosalie de Castro a s betonovou sochou proslulé nedávno zesnulé žebračky. Název města je odvozen z latinského Campus Stellae, tj. This figure is not praying on her knees but is sitting on two lions. The façade of the Silverware (Pratarías in Galician) is the southern façade of the transept of the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela; it is the only Romanesque façade that is preserved in the cathedral.

The Santiago de Compostela Botafumeiro is the largest censer in the world, weighing 80 kilograms (180 lb) and measuring 1.60 metres (5.2 ft) in height. At the foot of the saint is another capital with the figures of the Holy Trinity. [32][33], A dome above the crossing contains the pulley mechanism to swing the "Botafumeiro", which is a famous thurible found in this church. The column just above his head with a capital which represents the temptations of Christ. The best day trips from Santiago de Compostela according to Tripadvisor travelers are: What are the most popular things to do in Santiago de Compostela with kids?

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