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A tendency toward small families is a reflection of both difficulties in housing and increased participation by both parents in the workforce. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Snow cover can be common between mid-November and late March although snow accumulations of more than 20 cm (8 in) are infrequent. [104] Universities seated in Prague (see section Colleges and Universities) also represent important centres of science and research activities. Prague is a political, cultural and economic centre of central Europe complete with a rich history. In 1942, Prague was witness to the assassination of one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany—Reinhard Heydrich—during Operation Anthropoid, accomplished by Czechoslovak national heroes Jozef Gabčík and Jan Kubiš.
Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, Prague has become one of the world's most popular tourist destinations. Charles IV died in 1378. 71, 85 (, This swallow-tailed banner is approximately 4 by 6 feet (1.2 by 1.8 metres), with a red field sprinkled with small white fleurs-de-lis, and a silver old Town Coat-of-Arms in the centre. [59], Prague is situated on the Vltava river, at 50°05′N 14°27′E / 50.083°N 14.450°E / 50.083; 14.450. The main flow of traffic leads through the centre of the city and through inner and outer ring roads (partially in operation). Czechs confronting Soviet troops in Prague, August 21, 1968. [19], Around the fifth and fourth century BC, a Celtic tribe appeared in the area, later establishing settlements including an oppidum in Závist, a present-day suburb of Prague, and naming the region of Bohemia, which means "home of the Boii people". While Prague was the birthplace of the writer Franz Kafka and the poet Rainer Maria Rilke, Brno, Moravia’s largest city, was the site of Gregor Mendel’s groundbreaking genetic experiments in the 19th century and the birthplace of contemporary novelist Milan Kundera. The last modification of the modern Czech nation-state was inaugurated on January 1, 1993, when the union with Slovakia was dissolved. The work is reputed to have been ordered by Charles IV as a means of providing employment and food to the workers and their families. By using Tripsavvy, you accept our. In Malá Strana, Staré Město, Žižkov and Nusle there are hundreds of restaurants, bars and pubs, especially with Czech beer. On 5 May 1945, two days before Germany capitulated, an uprising against Germany occurred. After six years of brutal Nazi occupation (with its legacy of the Holocaust and the postwar mass expulsion of some three million Bohemian and Slovak [Carpathian] Germans), Czechoslovakia was reconstituted, this time without Ruthenia (Transcarpathian Ukraine), which was annexed by the Soviet Union. Cadastral area (for example, Vinohrady, Smíchov) are still relevant especially for the registration of land and real estate and house numbering. [47] From 1939, when the country was occupied by Nazi Germany, Hitler took over the Prague Castle. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. During the reign of his son, King Wenceslaus IV (1378–1419), a period of intense turmoil ensued. (2011 est.) The name Praha is also used by speakers of Estonian, Ukrainian, Slovak, and Lithuanian. This was a prosperous period for the city: famous people living there in that age include the astronomers Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler, the painter Arcimboldo, the alchemists Edward Kelley and John Dee, the poet Elizabeth Jane Weston, and others. [41] These problems were not pre-eminent under Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II, elected King of Bohemia in 1576, who chose Prague as his home. Prague is served by Václav Havel Airport Prague, the largest airport in the Czech Republic and one of the largest and busiest airports in central and eastern Europe. Prague is home to historical breweries Staropramen (Praha 5), U Fleků, U Medvídků, U Tří růží, Strahov Monastery Brewery (Praha 1) and Břevnov Monastery Brewery (Praha 6). A first suburb, Karlín, was created in 1817, and twenty years later the population exceeded 100,000. Legend has Golem lying in the loft, National Monument on Vítkov Hill, the statue of Jan Žižka is the third largest bronze equestrian statue in the world, Prague Zoo, selected in 2015 as the fourth best zoo in the world by TripAdvisor, Nine public universities and thirty six private universities are located in the city, including:[103].

The major river is the Vltava River, which runs through the city at 31 km with the maximum width being 330 m. There is also a great number of islands on the Vltava River, such as the charming Kampa Island, the Slav Island in the vicinity of the National Theater, or Children Island. As part of a decentralization plan for the city’s growth, since the 1950s industrial districts and warehouses have been located or relocated on the outskirts of Prague. Its rich culture, interesting nightlife, a full calendar of events, relationship with music and art, and an enormous old town that can easily be explored on foot attract increasingly more visitors every year. Around the core is a mixed zone of industrial and residential areas, containing about half the city’s population and nearly half its jobs. Surrounding this area is the outer city development zone, and beyond this is yet another zone of development containing new industrial areas, parks and recreation areas, and sports facilities. Hotels with Complimentary Breakfast in Prague, Hotels near Kostel svateho Jana Nepomuckeho na Skalce, Hotels near Kostel ZvEstovani Panny Marie Na slup, Surfing, Windsurfing & Kitesurfing in Prague, Conference & Convention Centers in Prague, Vysehrad National Cultural Monument Tickets, Spanish Synagogue, Jewish Museum in Prague Tickets. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! [87], In 2005, Prague was deemed among the three best cities in Central and Eastern Europe according to The Economist's livability rankings. The Charles Bridge is a historic bridge from the 14th century, Prague Castle is the biggest ancient castle in the world, Old Town Square featuring Church of Our Lady before Týn and Old Town City Hall with Prague Orloj, St. Nicholas Church in Malá Strana is the best example of the Baroque style in Prague, Vyšehrad fortress contains Basilica of St Peter and St Paul, the Vyšehrad Cemetery and the oldest Rotunda of St. Martin, Náměstí Míru (Peace Square) with Vinohrady Theatre and Church of St. Ludmila, National Theatre offers opera, drama, ballet and other performances, Výstaviště compound contains Průmyslový palác, Křižík's Light Fountain and host funfair Lunapark, Old New Synagogue is Europe's oldest active synagogue.

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