NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope discoveries about planet-forming discs around stars, and possible evidence of what may be the youngest planet ever found outside our solar system, will be presented at the next Space Science Update (SSU). Emmanuelle Charpentier honoured with the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Reinhard Genzel wins Nobel Prize in Physics, The Max Planck director is honoured for his observations of the black hole in the galactic center, Astronomers reveal first direct image of Beta Pictoris c using the GRAVITY instrument, Astronomers observe how the fuel for star formation has evolved over the course of the history of the universe, Astronomers of the Event Horizon Telescope conclude from archive data how the surroundings of the mass monster in the galaxy M 87 have changed, MeerKAT in South Africa is a ground-breaking telescope and promises exciting insights into processes taking place in outer space, The Max-Planck-Gesellschaft contributes € 20 million to the extension of the MeerKAT radio telescope in the Karoo semi-desert region, Both partners, Germany and South Africa, benefit from the MeerKAT collaboration, Since December 2019, the activity of the star has been increasing again - which is in line with the predictions, According to observations by the Herschel Space Observatory, the five largest satellites resemble dwarf planets, Computer simulation reveals similar structures for large and small dark matter halos, Far-away black hole collision is the most massive and most distant ever observed by the detectors LIGO und Virgo, Astronomers use a gravitational lens to find the most distant disk galaxy, The Saturn-sized celestial body orbits a cool dwarf star, Solar Orbiter captures images of our star from a distance of just 77 million kilometres, Gigantic star spots are probably the reason for the recent drop in brightness of the red giant star, In the convection zone of the star, the plasma currents make a huge turnover that lasts about 22 years, LIGO and Virgo find another surprising binary system, Peter Predehl from the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics on the eRosita mission, The eROSITA telescope has provided a new, sharp view of hot and energetic processes across the Universe, International Prize for Translational Neuroscience, International Max Planck Research Schools, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Göttingen, Reinhard Genzel receives the Nobel Prize for Physics 2020, Interview with Michael Kramer and Robert Adam about MeerKAT, LIGO and Virgo catch their biggest fish so far, “The telescope offers enormous potential”.  This map suggests the Universe is slightly older than thought: according to the map, subtle fluctuations in temperature were imprinted on the deep sky when the Universe was about 370,000 years old. Differences could reveal more about dark energy, a mysterious force that appears to be pushing the cosmos apart. That’s why we went to great pains in our study to statistically determine the planetary status. In some sense, observation time of ground- and space-based telescope is worth billions of Euros or Dollars and we certainly want to avoid spending that time on an interesting observational target - only to find that the target does not exist.  The final deactivation command, which switched off the spacecraft's transmitter, was sent to Planck on 23 October 2013 at 12:10:27 UTC. Only this made it possible to analyze the huge amounts of stars, each with years of continuous brightness measurements within tolerable periods of time, like a few days or weeks. The overall cost is estimated to be €700 million for the Planck and €1,100 million for the Herschel mission. Planck addressed some of the most important questions in modern science: how did the Universe begin, how did it evolve to the state we observe today, and how will it continue to evolve in the future? , On 5 May 2014 a map of the galaxy's magnetic field created using Planck was published.  By this date, Planck had completed five full scans of the CMB, exceeding its target of two. Planck's passive and active cooling systems allow its instruments to maintain a temperature of −273.05 °C (−459.49 °F), or 0.1 °C above absolute zero. Planck provided a major source of information relevant to several cosmological and astrophysical issues, such as testing theories of the early Universe and the origin of cosmic structure. It was designed to fulfil the pointing and slewing requirements of the Herschel and Planck payloads. In a press conference today in Paris, members of the Planck … From August 2009, Planck was the coldest known object in space, until its active coolant supply was exhausted in January 2012. , The HFI was sensitive between 100 and 857 GHz, using 52 bolometric detectors, manufactured by JPL/Caltech, optically coupled to the telescope through cold optics, manufactured by Cardiff University's School of Physics and Astronomy, consisting of a triple horn configuration and optical filters, a similar concept to that used in the Archeops balloon-borne experiment. The main line-of-sight sensor in both Herschel and Planck is the star tracker. It also observed in nine frequency bands rather than WMAP's five, with the goal of improving the astrophysical foreground models. These detection assemblies are divided into 6 frequency bands (centred at 100, 143, 217, 353, 545 and 857 GHz), each with a bandwidth of 33%. The detectors use high-electron-mobility transistors.
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