, During the Fascist era, several leaders in Europe and Latin America modeled their government and economic system on Italian Fascism. It is noteworthy to pinpoint that owing to the Italian Renaissance, church art in Italy is extraordinary, including works by Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Fra Carnevale, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Sandro Botticelli, Tintoretto, Titian, Raphael, and Giotto, etc.  Artichokes, peas, lettuce, parsley, melons, and apples, as well as wine and cheese, many kinds of meat, and grains were all enjoyed by ancient Romans. Other companies soon followed in Milan and in Naples. Summer Institute of Linguistics, Academic Pub. commented on by travelers at this time. Before being exported to France, the famous Ballet dance genre also originated in Italy. In 1943, Mussolini changed sides, signing an armistice with the Allies and was promptly imprisoned. From the late 16th century, Italy was divided between European powers until 1796 when Napoleon’s army arrived in the north to break the stranglehold of the Austrians around Milan and Sardinia. . Basketball has often been considered one of the most popular sports in Italy, as well as the second most popular team sport after football. The famous elements of Italian culture are its art, music, style, and iconic food. Famiglia Cristiana is a Catholic weekly periodical with a wide readership. It is an understatement to say that Italian culture has been spread through the international acceptance of its cuisine. Italy retained its artistic dominance into the 17th century with the Baroque (1600-1750). [nb 1] After the fall of Rome in the 5th century, the Italian peninsula was divided among many different rulers.
Giorgio de Chirico gained fame for his haunting paintings of empty city squares. However, having written this, the influence of the Roman Catholic Church on Italian culture is enormous.
Le baromètre est inventé en 1644 par Evangelista Torricelli, la pile électrique par Alessandro Volta en 1800. Vittorio De Sica, Roberto Rossellini, and Luchino Visconti also continued to film major works. Both the internal and external faces of Western culture were born in Ancient Greece. A new movement called Fascism, led by Benito Mussolini, a former Socialist, grew increasingly popular. At the same time, Italy witnessed the revival of the fresco. During the 16th century and on into the 18th century Commedia dell'arte was a form of improvisational theatre, although it is still performed today. The rest of the population hails from diverse other countries and Regions such as North Africa, Germany, Albania and a variety of other countries in Europe and further abroad. Cultural tourism and Neoclassicism (1750-1850) became a major prop to an otherwise faltering economy. Marcello Piacentini, who was responsible for the urban transformations of several cities in Italy, and remembered for the disputed Via della Conciliazione in Rome, devised a form of "simplified Neoclassicism". Arriving a few minutes late for a dinner is the norm, as is bringing wine or chocolates as a small gift.  To justify his Italophilia, Hitler had to convince himself that northern Italians were somehow racially Aryan — "from the cultural point of view," he once remarked, "we are more closely linked with the Italians than with any other people" — and that the veins of Mussolini, Dante and other heroes pulsed with no contaminating blood from the inferior "Mediterranean race.". Gastronomic explorations of Italy are best undertaken by knowing the local traditions and savouring the local foods on the spot.  Due to this comparatively late unification, and the historical autonomy of the regions that comprise the Italian peninsula, many traditions and customs that are now recognized as distinctly Italian can be identified by their regions of origin. Italian culture is today a reflection of the rich history of one of the most fascinating countries in the world. The most famous Byzantine structure is the Basilica of St. Mark in Venice. Shortly afterwards, Italy fell to the forces of Attila the Hun, but was reestablished by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian in 553, a relief which only lasted 19 years. Italy is rich in culture, history and traditions. Florence, Venice and Rome, in particular, are brimming with art treasures in museums, churches, and public buildings. Sapienza is member of several international groups, as: European Spatial Development Planning, Partnership of a European Group of Aeronautics and Space Universities, CINECA, Santander Network, Institutional Network of the Universities from the Capitals of Europe, Mediterranean Universities Union. As for Italian artists they were in demand almost all over Europe. Art and culture continue to be inspired by Italian past – and continues on today. The later Renaissance was dominated by Raphael and Michelangelo. Leon Battista Alberti was another early Renaissance architect whose theories and designs had an enormous influence on later architects.. He and his mistress were executed by Italian partisans in April 1945. In the same years, the country has also been central to the formation of the European Union. At the start of the 20th century, Guglielmo Marconi carried out experiments in electricity and developed the wireless, but he was preceded by Count Alessandro Volta, one of the pioneers of electricity, over 100 years earlier. At that time, a new generation of directors emerged. In the late 13th century, Nicola Pisano and his son Giovanni began the revolutionary changes that led up to the Renaissance in Italian sculpture, drawing influences from Roman sarcophagi and other remains. The Victorian era in Great Britain saw Italophilic tendencies.  In the 13th and 14th centuries there were the sculptors Nicola Pisano and his son Giovanni; the painters Cimabue, Duccio, and Giotto; and, later in the period, the sculptor Andrea Pisano. One of his most famous works is Ecstasy of Saint Teresa. Le programme Patrimoine mondial (UNESCO, 1971) a inscrit : Le programme Patrimoine culturel immatériel (UNESCO, 2003) a inscrit dans sa liste représentative du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l’humanité : Le programme Mémoire du monde (UNESCO, 1992) a inscrit dans son registre international Mémoire du monde (au 10/01/2016) : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Other very popular sports in Italy are volleyball, athletics, and boxing. To him we also owe a scientific discovery of the first importance in the history of art: the rules of perspective. Children are encouraged to maintain extremely close ties to the family – including attending frequent family gatherings even once they reach adulthood. According to Robin Kirkpatrick, Professor of Italian and English Literatures at Cambridge University, Shakespeare shared "with his contemporaries and immediate forebears a fascination with Italy.
Family is very important in Italy. The Christmas cakes pandoro and panettone are popular in the North (pandoro is from Verona, whilst panettone is milanese), however, they have also become popular desserts in other parts of Italy and abroad. The other facts … Position qu'elle dispute à Paris, toutes deux étant deux villes phares de la mode. Also, Italy exports and produces the highest level of wine, exporting over 2.38 million tonnes in 2011. The majority of papers are published in northern and central Italy, and circulation is highest in these areas. During the Middle Ages, large sculpture was largely religious. Not surprisingly the overwhelming majority of Italians are Roman Catholic. Cet article contient une ou plusieurs listes. These dramatizations grew into staged Christmas and Easter stories.
 All large Italian cities have public libraries. At the same time, a new group of directors won praise.
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