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important events for the space program in 1961 and 2011


After a power struggle and a military coup, Lumumba was killed by firing squad -- an act many believe was committed with the assistance of the government of the United States and for which the Belgian government officially apologized in 2002. Explorer 1 collected data for almost four months before exhausting its batteries, but it continued to orbit the Earth until 1970.

#, Canon John Collins of St. Paul's Cathedral, a leading figure in the campaign for nuclear disarmament which organized the two ban-the-bomb marches over the Easter holiday, addresses a mass protest rally in London's Trafalgar Square on April 3, 1961, after the marchers had converged on central London from Aldermaston and Wethersfield. Billy Stanley, 8-year-old third-grader, the only white pupil at St. Philip the Apostle's school in Albany, New York, studies with African-American friends. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to our use of cookies.
An East German soldier at the border between East and West Berliners on duty at right.

2011: First orbit of Mercury – by NASA.

Police and secret service struggle in vain to free President elect John F. Kennedy (center) from a surging mass of Harvard students in Harvard yard in Cambridge, on January 9, 1961. On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik 1, the world’s first artificial satellite.

The end of a wildcat walkout against seven airlines was announced in Washington, District of Columbia, by President Kennedy. As large as a car, it carries an array of advanced new instruments and experiments.

The rover will also examine sites on the planet and evaluate them for possible future human missions. #, Jean Lloyd, of Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, lost control of her Stanguellini sports car and rolled over in first lap of a 20-lap formula junior race at the Sebring Airport on March 24, 1961 in Sebring. Realizing that the race to the Moon was lost, the Soviet Union canceled their lunar program and instead, focused on building a space station. They use American weapons and their training methods developed by the U.S. Marines. As the spacecraft makes its closest approach, it passes only 7,750 miles (12,472 km) from the surface of the dwarf planet and captures amazing high-resolution images of Pluto and its largest moon Charon. This is much longer than anyone expected. The capsule was captured using the space station's robotic arm and was docked successfully. The pilot in the cockpit moved along a track past these murals which would accustom him to the visual cues for controlling a spacecraft in the vicinity of the moon. We use cookies to personalize content and ads and to analyze traffic on our website.

But the triumph didn’t last for long this time either. #. Actress Marilyn Monroe, as captured by photographer Len Steckler in December of 1961.

Messier Album | The Solar System | The Constellations | Celestial Objects

Kennedy, normally a fast mover, was halted in his tracks when students broke through police barrier. The 5 cookies are baked one at a time in a special zero gravity oven by the crew of the International Space Station (ISS).

Print; Main. #, Police and secret service struggle in vain to free President elect John F. Kennedy (center) from a surging mass of Harvard students in Harvard yard in Cambridge, on January 9, 1961. First Seeds Germinated on Another Celestial Body.

A few glimpses of the landscape of Massachusetts, and some of the animals and people calling it home, Movie-making in Italy, a drive-in viewing of the World Series in Los Angeles, a church set ablaze in Chile, wildfires in Colorado, balloon crop-spraying in China, rescued huskies in Russia, and much more. In addition to paving the way to the future U.S. manned orbital spaceflights, the Freedom 7 mission also somehow eased the blow to the American space program that was inflicted by the success of Vostok 1. 19-year-old Duke University student and part-time secretary in the Washington office of Senator Clair Engle of California, Trumpauer arrived in Jackson, Mississippi to take part in the June 4, 1961 Mississippi Freedom Ride. An American Apache Indian kneels down to kiss the hand of Pope John XXIII (Angelo Guiseppe Roncalli) during an audience of the Apache delegation at the Vatican in Rome, Italy, May 16, 1961. She and eight others were promptly arrested and refused bail. The spacecraft sends back amazing high-resolution images of the comet's surface showing steep 490-foot (150-meter) cliffs and boulders the size of houses. The European Space Agency's Philae lander becomes the first spacecraft to make a soft landing on a comet. #, Not a car is visible on Malecon Drive in Havana, Cuba, a street well-known to American tourists in former days, as Fidel Castro's forces take over, using it for defense purposes. Some 1,300 Cuban exiles, backed by the U.S. Government, invaded the island nation of Cuba, attempting to overthrow the government of the Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.

19-year-old Duke University student and part-time secretary in the Washington office of Senator Clair Engle of California, Trumpauer arrived in Jackson, Mississippi to take part in the June 4, 1961 Mississippi Freedom Ride.

Ceres is the largest object in the asteroid belt located between Mars and Jupiter. box below and click the search button: Home Page | Explore the The Sea | Explore the The Sky, Space News | Astronomy Resources | Astronomy Events Calendar The rovers use rotating motors to make jumps, each lasting about 15 minutes due to the asteroid's’s low gravity.
Space suit worn by Astronaut Alan B. Shepard, Jr., is given final testing in Cape Canaveral, on May 5, 1961 before Shepard donned it for America's first manned rocket flight.

NASA's Dawn spacecraft enters orbit around dwarf planet Ceres.

Messier Album | The Solar System | The Constellations | Celestial Objects

#, Ham the chimp in his capsule during his space flight from Cape Canaveral, Florida in early 1961. This satellite is positioned at the Earth-moon Lagrange point 2, a gravitationally stable spot beyond the moon where the satellite can communicate with both Chang'e 4 and the Earth.

Besides establishing a balance in the Space Race, the first U.S. satellite also provided invaluable information which, among other things, also proved to be of crucial importance for the discovery of the so-called Van Allen radiation belt.

What If Friendship, Not Marriage, Was at the Center of Life? The Soviets beat the United States with the first successful human spaceflight, but just a few weeks after Vostok 1, NASA launched its own “Vostok program” - known as Project Mercury.

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