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european union history ppt

After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play. Institute for European Environmental Policy (2012) Manual of European Environmental Policy, Earthscan, London. Which countries were European Union members as of 2003? Diese Seite enthält Bildmaterial in Form von Folienpräsentationen, die verschiedene Aspekte der EU illustrieren. In 2006, the EU-27 had a gross inland energy consumption of 1,825 million tonnes of oil equivalent (toe).

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Find out more at [50] In a radio address in March 1943, with war still raging, Britain's leader Sir Winston Churchill spoke warmly of "restoring the true greatness of Europe" once victory had been achieved, and mused on the post-war creation of a "Council of Europe" which would bring the European nations together to build peace. The largest absolute numbers of people born outside the EU were in Germany (6.4 million), France (5.1 million), the United Kingdom (4.7 million), Spain (4.1 million), Italy (3.2 million), and the Netherlands (1.4 million). [157] Next comes "agriculture" with approximately 31% of the total. [181] Emily O'Reilly is the current ombudsman since 2013. The distribution of competences in various policy areas between Member States and the Union is divided in the following three categories: The EU is based on a series of treaties. - History of the European Union Regional Policy Giuseppe Caron Vice-President of the Commission of the European Economic Communities 1962-1963, on regional policy (July ... | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view, National and Supranational Interests in the European Union, - National and Supranational Interests in the European Union. There is a strong dependence on Russian energy that the EU has been attempting to reduce. That a particular policy area falls into a certain category of competence is not necessarily indicative of what legislative procedure is used for enacting legislation within that policy area. One of the 27 is the President of the European Commission (Ursula von der Leyen for 2019–2024), appointed by the European Council, subject to the Parliament's approval.

[248], The EU has had legislative power in the area of energy policy for most of its existence; this has its roots in the original European Coal and Steel Community. [249], In 2007, EU countries as a whole imported 82% of their oil, 57% of their natural gas[251] and 97.48% of their uranium[248] demands. Hope it helps someone.

- But note European Council can change the, the powers of the President of the Commission are, - Parliament s oversight on the Commission, - after double majority yes-voters need to, blocking minority needs at least four members, - 2014-2017 transition period any member can, - CoM meetings continue to be chaired by nation, - exception foreign affairs council chaired by, The High Representative of the Union for FA and, - kind of a Minister for EU Foreign Affairs, - combines duties of the Commissioner for, - note potential overlap with the other new, - now a formal EU institution - subject to, ensure preparation and continuity of the EU, report to the European Parliament after each, elected by EU council (QMV) for 30 Month (once, - new joint decision-making powers with the EU, - extention of jursdiction to include 3rd pillar, - makes easier to set up specialized courts, Any country seeking membership of the European, To join the EU, a new Member State must meet, political stability of institutions guaranteeing, economic existence of a functioning market, acceptance of the Community acquis ability to, For the European Council to decide to open, Any country that wishes to join the Union must, Eschke, N. and Malick, T. Tasks for the President of the European Council are ensuring the external representation of the EU,[145] driving consensus and resolving divergences among member states, both during meetings of the European Council and over the periods between them. Languages in the European Union", "Cyprus asks to make Turkish an EU language", Proposal for an ACT OF ADAPTATION OF THE TERMS OF ACCESSION OF THE UNITED CYPRUS REPUBLIC TO THE EUROPEAN UNION, "MEPs push for EU recognition of Catalan, Welsh languages", "Committee of Ministers – European Year of Languages Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1539", "Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union", "Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union", "EU celebrates 50th birthday-with a row about religion", "Answers – The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions", "Accession criteria (Copenhagen criteria)", "European Commission – Enlargement – Candidate and Potential Candidate Countries", "Iceland's EU bid is over, commission told", "Mont Blanc shrinks by 45 cm (17.72 in) in two years", "Urban sprawl in Europe: The ignored challenge, European Environmental Agency", "EU Library Briefing:Lobbying the EU institutions", "MEPs must be elected on the basis of proportional representation, the threshold must not exceed 5%, and the electoral area may be subdivided in constituencies if this will not generally affect the proportional nature of the voting system", "Institutional affairs: Council of the European Union", "Institutions: The Council of the European Union", "European Commission - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Q&A on Interinstitutional Agreement on Budgetary Discipline and Sound Financial Management 2007-2013", "Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union", "European auditors point to errors but sign off EU's accounts – some UK media decline to listen to what the auditors say", "Annual Report of the Court of Auditors on the implementation of the budget concerning the financial year 2009, together with the institutions' replies", "Protection of the European Union's financial interests – Fight against fraud – Annual Report 2009 (, Title I of Part I of the consolidated Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, "The Legal Personality of the European Union", United Nations Convention against Corruption, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, "Article 19 of the Treaty on European Union", Article 2, Treaty on European Union (consolidated 1 December 2009), "Respect for fundamental rights in the EU – general development", "Europe Unveils New Sanctions Plan for Human Rights Violations", "Emily O'Reilly re-elected European Ombudsman | News | European Parliament", "European arrest warrant replaces extradition between EU Member States", "Jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in matrimonial matters and in matters of parental responsibility (Brussels II)", "Minimum standards on the reception of applicants for asylum in Member States", "European police office now in full swing", "Eurojust coordinating cross-border prosecutions at EU level", "Qualified-Majority Voting: Common commercial policy", EU states envisage new foreign policy giant, "European External Action Service gives Europe voice on world stage", "Swiss to vote on whether to end free movement deal with EU", "Large majority of Swiss reject bid to rein in immigration from EU, says exit poll", "The EU 'neutrals,' the CFSP and defence policy", "Statement of the Presidency of the Permanent Council of the WEU", Military spending saw biggest increase in a decade in 2019. The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. [163], EU member states retain all powers not explicitly handed to the European Union. - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. Laws made by the EU institutions are passed in a variety of forms. These are areas in which member states have renounced any capacity to enact legislation. In its first 20 years, it supported international exchange opportunities for well over 1.5 million university and college students and became a symbol of European student life.[276].

[117] Many countries have experienced falling church attendance and membership in recent years. [157] The "EU as a global partner" and "citizenship, freedom, security and justice" bring up the rear with approximately 6% and 1% respectively.[157]. Financing European development cooperation: the Financial Perspectives 2014–2020. This entails a partial delegation of sovereignty to the institutions in return for representation within those institutions, a practice often referred to as "pooling of sovereignty".[119][120]. These included the Working Time Directive and the Environmental Impact Assessment Directive. To some, the EU is an overblown bureaucracy that drains money and compromises the power of sovereign states. See Craig and de Búrca, p. 115. The six founding countries are Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. [58], The EEC and Euratom were created separately from the ECSC and they shared the same courts and the Common Assembly. Of the top 500 largest corporations in the world measured by revenue in 2010, 161 had their headquarters in the EU. In 2009, the EU had an estimated Muslim population of 13 million,[115] and an estimated Jewish population of over a million. [189] The EU also operates the Schengen Information System[16] which provides a common database for police and immigration authorities. In 2004, the EU saw its biggest enlargement to date when Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia joined the Union.[72]. It also organises many conferences, public hearings and high-level debates related to its work. [269], European policy-makers originally increased the EU's capacity to act on environmental issues by defining it as a trade problem. Introduction of new policies environment, monetary crisis (1971, cancellation of US. Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, is a great resource. [100][101], Even though language policy is the responsibility of member states, EU institutions promote multilingualism among its citizens.
[303] In 2002, the currency was fully put into place, when euro notes and coins were issued and national currencies began to phase out in the eurozone, which by then consisted of 12 member states. [302] Since 1985, the flag day of the Union has been Europe Day, on 9 May (the date of the 1950 Schuman declaration). [308] Since 2008, the organisers of this prize, in conjunction with the European Parliament, have awarded the Charlemagne Youth Prize in recognition of similar efforts led by young people. [q] The EU has legal personality, with the right to sign agreements and international treaties. [138][139] It is less integrated than a federal state because it is not a state in its own right: sovereignty continues to flow 'from the bottom up', from the several peoples of the separate member states, rather than from a single undifferentiated whole.

This powerpoint aids the introduction of the European Union, the member states, dates joined and the benefits of being part of the EU. In addition, the principle of subsidiarity requires that only those matters that need to be determined collectively are so determined. [90], The European Union has 24 official languages: Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Irish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, and Swedish. [131], The EU operates through a hybrid system of supranational and intergovernmental decision-making,[132][133] and according to the principles of conferral (which says that it should act only within the limits of the competences conferred on it by the treaties) and of subsidiarity (which says that it should act only where an objective cannot be sufficiently achieved by the member states acting alone). [277][278] Through its support of the Bologna Process, the EU is supporting comparable standards and compatible degrees across Europe. [256], The Galileo positioning system is another EU infrastructure project.

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