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european economic area

A number of specialised EU agencies have been established to support the EU Member States and their citizens. Furthermore, Austria had applied for full EEC membership in 1989, and was followed by Finland, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland between 1991 and 1992 (Norway's EU accession was rejected in a referendum, Switzerland froze its EU application after the EEA agreement was rejected in a referendum). This diagram illustrates the management of the EEA Agreement. The EEA EFTA States have not transferred any legislative powers to the EEA Joint Committee. Agriculture and fisheries are not covered by the EEA. 5. See the full list and contact details of the EEA EFTA national experts in this section. When preparing legislation in areas covered by the EEA Agreement, it works with and takes into account the advice of EEA EFTA experts, and allows EEA EFTA participation in various expert groups and committees. However, during the negotiations for the EEA agreement, the European Court of Justice informed the Council of the European Union (Opinion 1/91) that they considered that giving the EEA court jurisdiction with respect to EU law that would be part of the EEA law, would be a violation of the treaties, and therefore the current arrangement was developed instead. [49] The Faroes, which form part of the Danish Realm, is not a sovereign state, and according to a report prepared for the Faroes Ministry of Foreign Affairs "under its constitutional status the Faroes cannot become an independent Contracting Party to the EEA Agreement due to the fact that the Faroes are not a state". The two-pillar structure covers firstly the decision-making procedure. The EESC's 326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests. 欧州経済領域(おうしゅうけいざいりょういき、英: European Economic Area 、略称: EEA )は、欧州自由貿易連合 (EFTA) 加盟国が欧州連合 (EU) に加盟することなく、EUの単一市場に参加することができるように、1994年 1月1日にEFTAとEUとの間で発効した協定に基づいて設置された枠組み。 While visualising this calendar please take into account that some countries often publish their data in different dates than what was previously announced because of data gathering delays or other issues. [52] Unlike Liechtenstein, which is a member of the EEA via the EFTA and the Schengen Agreement, relations with these three states are based on a collection of agreements covering specific issues. An EEA Council meets twice yearly to govern the overall relationship between the EEA members. In the late 1980s, the EFTA member states, led by Sweden, began looking at options to join the then-existing European Economic Community (EEC), the precursor of the European Union (EU). It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day. The Committee's proposals seek to develop more resilient and sustainable EU economic policies within an improved governance framework for the Economic and Monetary Union. Adopted Joint Committee Decisions (JCDs) are also listed and published on the EFTA website. The EEA Agreement foresees close cooperation between ESA and the European Commission. Many authors cite the economic downturn at the beginning of the 1980s, and the subsequent adoption by the EEC of the "Europe 1992 agenda", as a primary reason. Issues containing Joint Committee Decisions and EU acts incorporated into the EEA Agreement may also be ordered in printed form. The EEA Treaty is a commercial treaty and differs from the EU Treaties in certain key respects. The European Commission is responsible for monitoring the EU Member States’ incorporation of and compliance with EEA law. The availability of comparable statistical data is considered as relevant to the four freedoms and is therefore included in the agreement. These amendments to the EEA Agreement are done by means of Joint Committee Decisions (JCDs). All relevant EU legislation in the field of the Single Market is integrated into the EEA Agreement so that it applies throughout the whole of the EEA, ensuring uniform application of laws relating to the Single Market. The EEA Consultative Committee (the Economic and Social Committee of the EU and members of the EFTA Consultative Committee) is a forum for cooperation and consultation between the social partners in the EEA EFTA States and those in the EU. 4. Also, the 'free movement of persons is one of the core rights guaranteed in the European Economic Area (EEA) [...] [it] is perhaps the most important right for individuals, as it gives citizens of the 31 EEA countries the opportunity to live, work, establish business and study in any of these countries'. The Common Fisheries Policy would mean giving away fishing quotas in their waters. An interactive web tool showing visually how EU law becomes EEA law, by going through the steps taken to incorporate new legal acts into the EEA Agreement. These rules aim to enable goods, services, capital, and persons to move freely about the EEA in an open and competitive environment. The European Economic Area, abbreviated as EEA, consists of the Member States of the European Union (EU) and three countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway; excluding Switzerland). These rules aim to enable goods, services, capital, and persons to move freely about the EEA in an open and competitive environment. This section contains an overview of EFTA' s policy areas, sorted by the four freedoms, with links to more detailed explanations. [62] The United Kingdom could be allowed by other member states to join the EEA and EFTA but existing EEA members such as Norway would have concerns about taking the risk of opening a difficult negotiation with the EU that could lead them to lose their current advantages.

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