Today Senegal is developing quickly. The first human beings in Senegal were hunters but by about 3,000 BCE they had learned to farm. The region today known as Senegal was long a part of the ancient Ghana and Djolof kingdoms and an important node on trans-Saharan caravan routes. Lonely Planet. Finally, Senegal became independent on 20 June 1960. In the early 20th century Senegal was a prosperous colony exporting groundnuts.
However its economy is growing rapidly. France was confirmed as the colonial power in Senegal. I can unsubscribe any time using the unsubscribe link at the end of all emails. However, the power of Mali declined in the 15th century and Senegal broke up into small kingdoms. By Tim Lambert. Several West Africans joined the French forces in WWI. Leopold Senghor became the first leader. Wadeâs controversial decision to arrest former prime minister Idrissa Seck in 2005 on accusations of undermining state security and embezzling funds sent the country into a flurry of political debate. The French established a trading station in 1639 and in 1677 they took Ile de Goree from the Dutch. Senegal was part of the Ghana Empire in the 8th century and the Djolof kingdom, in the area between the Senegal River and modern-day Dakar, during the 13th and 14th centuries. At the end of 1980, he voluntarily stepped down and was replaced by Abdou Diouf, who soon faced a string of mounting crises. 2018 By 500 AD a sophisticated society arose in Senegal capable of building stone circles. All of Senegal’s many ethnic groups believe in the same concept of teranga.
The whole of present-day Senegal became French territory in 1677 after the French defeated the Dutch on Gorée Island during the Franco-Dutch War. The history of Senegal is commonly divided into a number of periods, encompassing the prehistoric era, the precolonial period, colonialism, and the contemporary era. In 1904, Senegal officially became French West Africa territory, not long after the Dakar-Niger Railway construction made transportation much faster and easier throughout the territory. The few surviving landmarks from these first civilizations, the Stone Circles of Senegambia found in present-day Senegal and neighboring Gambia, date back to about 3 B. C. Other artifacts from these early cultures are exhibited at the Institut Fondamental d’Afrique Noire (Place de Soweto Centre, Dakar) museum. With the fall of the Ghanaian empire, Senegal broke away under the Djolof dynasty that flourished during the 13th and 14th centuries in the territory around the Senegal River and Dakar. In 1884-85 the European powers divided up Africa. update your settings In the presidential elections of March 2000, Abdoulaye Wade, after 25 years as opposition leader, was finally given his chance in a free and fair election, having gathered large parts of the population behind his hope-giving sopi (change) campaign. History.
Europeans persuaded Africans from the coast to attack neighboring tribes and take captives. The establishment of Senegal as a French colony is merely one part of the French colonial effort in west Africa during the 1880s and 1890s. In 2020 the population of Senegal was 16 million. If you don't have an account yet, make one here. Senegalese music is played with stringed instruments called kora and xalem accompanied by djembe, tabala, tama, sabar, and other traditional drums. Negotiations with rebel separatists resulted in a ceasefire in July that collapsed three years later. Senegal has great potential for tourism. The Portuguese docked into Gorée Island while looking for a new route to India, but instead established trade relations with the Wolof Empire. Slavery was not new in Senegal but the Portuguese took huge numbers of slaves from the area. Senegalese democracy was further strengthened the following year, when a new constitution was approved, allowing the formation of opposition parties and consolidating the prime ministerâs role. Sengal has become one of Africa’s most peaceful and stable nations apart from battles with southern Casamance separatists, which ended with a 2004 treaty. Hi there, ©
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